Shariah law, also known as Islamic law, is basically the law of Allah or law for mankind by Allah. Sharia Law covers a wide range of subjects especially ones that are related to personal matter, but it is not just limited to individuals and in their personal affairs. Sharia Law also plays its part in governing the role of an individual in the society. Any society consists of individuals that are part of it and Sharia Law defines the code through which individuals need to lead their lives.
There are four sources through which Sharia Law is practiced. Quran, the unchanged word of Allah, and Sunnah, actions and traditions linked to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) are considered as the primary source of Sharia Law. Quran and Sunnah basically define the way individuals should leave their lives in accordance with Islam. They also cover wide areas; such as, marriage, business, politics, war etc. However, if there are still questions that need to be answer or explanation is required on what’s mentioned in the two primary sources then it can be determined through two other mediums; one is known as Ijma, that is mutual consent of prominent and trusted Islamic scholars, and the other is Qiyas, that is making a judgment on basis of analogical reasoning by an individual.
During the early days of Islam, Qu ran was the primary source for finding solutions to various problems or issues. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was the source through which Quran was brought to mankind. In case, there wasn’t a clear explanation in Quran on a particular subject, Holy Prophet was consulted and his advice was taken on such matters. After Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) passed away, Ijma and Qiyas were used to resolve different political, social and economic issues. Both of these sources of Sharia Law became quite important when Islam spread outside of Saudi Arabia.
Sharia Law plays an important role in an individual’s life. Muslim countries are urged to adopt this Sharia Law. There are some reservations when it comes to completely adopting it in the modern world. Many critics of Sharia Law feel that it is not compatible with the currently adopted western judicial system. However, the debate between which system is better seems like a never ending one; however, few of the Muslim countries have adopted a hybrid system.